Ministry of Textiles has been providing financial support to the Textile Research Associations engaged in the work of research and development.
There are eight TRAs engaged in the work of research and development:
- Ahmedabad Textile Industry’s Research Association (ATIRA)
- Bombay Textile Research Associaton (BTRA)
- South India Textile Research Association (SITRA)
- Northern India Textile Research Association (NITRA)
- Man-Made Textiles Research Association (MANTRA)
- Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association (SASMIRA)
- Indian Jute Industries Reserarch Association (IJIRA)
- Wool Research Association (WRA)
Ministry of Textiles support upto a maximum of 75% of the project cost and to ensure the stakeholders commitment, the balance 25% have to be arranged by the Implementing Agencies. Further in order to ensure sustainability and commercial viability of the research efforts, and to encourage creation of IPRs/patents, the Industry partner/partners who have contributed 25% of the Project cost, has been given some special rights such as exclusive use of the technology/process/products developed through the research for a fixed period; and/or use of the technology/process/products developed at a special discounted rate. As per the guidelines formulated under the R&D Scheme, all research projects are initially submitted in the office of Textile Commissioner. To examine the research projects, two tier mechanisms have been provided. All projects have to be technically and financially evaluated initially by the Project Appraisal & Monitoring Committee (PAMC) and then approved by the Project Approval Committee (PAC).
The total allocation for the 11th Five Year Plan has been enhanced from Rs. 10 crore to Rs. 35 crore. The budget allocation for the year 2011-12 for the research projects is Rs. 9 crores. The future approach and the recommended areas of research are as follows
- Replacing the outdated pilot plant and R & D machinery with modern plants and machinery.
- Installation of latest process control equipment, like vibration analyzer, calibration systems for mechanical parameters, tachometer, tension meter
- Strengthening by way of providing analytical instruments, viz., Electro microscope, spectrophotometer, Online effluent monitoring system etc.,
- Maintaining a Resource Bank for developing data base on the latest trends in technology, machinery and management practices in spinning, weaving, knitting and processing sectors. The information about the standard machinery, technology, process etc., which are bench marked and accepted internationally, should be disseminated through this bank.
- Research should be on specific areas of national priority like processing sector, reduction of carbon foot print, eco-friendly projects, renewable resources, Generic Research.
- Decentralized sector (power loom, handloom, khadi and processing sector.
- Focus on Applied and Basic Research.
- Application of Information Technology.
- Production and development of technical textiles particularly Geo textiles, nano-technology and adoption o latest technology.
The Government of India notifies the Exim Policy for a period of five years (1997-2002) under Section 5 of theForeign Trade (Development and Regulation Act), 1992. The current policy covers the period 2002-2007. The Export Import Policy is updated every year on the 31st of March and the modifications, improvements and new schemes became effective from 1st April of every year.
All types of changes or modifications related to the Exim Policy is normally announced by the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry who co-ordinates with the Ministry of Finance, the Directorate General of Foreign Trade and its network of dgft regional offices.
*Data-Courtesy Minsistry of Textiles - Goverment of India - www.exmin.nic.in